Going ahead in 2019 and looking back: 2014 to Present
Going ahead in 2019 and looking back: 2014 to Present
We’re excited to announce new additions to our website content!
The updated pages include newly designed and translated mental health information in Farsi. We’ve also improved the structure so the content is more easily accessible to Farsi speaking communities.
Ranging from general information about mental health, coping with mental illness, caring for family members with illness, to information on how to live well. We hope the content and the easy access to the materials will make the search and the navigation experience of the site much better for you.
Spread the information and invite colleagues and friends to check out the new content in Farsi.
November 26, 2018
Violence and Abuse against women and girls is a significant Global Health Problem around the world.
It is estimated that 1 in 3 women experience physical or sexual violence in their lifetime. Reports of homicide crimes against women reveal that half of all female victims were killed by their partners or a close family member.
A high proportion of physical and sexual abuse against women and girls is committed by male intimate partners. An intimate partner may be a spouse, a former partner, boyfriend, a date, or a family member.
This violence impacts women and girls’ mental health as well as physical and reproductive health in significant ways. In addition, women with mental health problems, physical illness, alcohol, and drug abuse problems have a high risk of experiencing intimate partner violence and abuse which in turn worsens their conditions leading to an escalating downward spiral of disempowerment and vulnerability.
If untreated, victims may develop psychological problems such as depression, anxiety, suicidal thoughts, Post Traumatic Stress Disorder, impulsivity, or substance abuse. They may also develop physical problems such as sexually transmitted diseases, pregnancy and childbirth complications, chronic pain, headaches, or debilitating fatigue. If there are risk factors for or actual pre-existing illnesses, they can worsen and lead to complications such as heart disease, stroke, diabetes, or cancer.
Children of abused women are at elevated risk of developing mental health problems.
Research shows that male and female children of abused women have an elevated risk of developing mental health problems and higher susceptibility to later-life social problems. Children born to battered women have a higher risk of preterm delivery, low birth-weight, and neonatal death.
When the violence is perpetrated by an intimate partner or a trusted individual such as a family member, the experience of trauma can be severe and prolonged, creating extra vulnerability and a sense of helplessness leading to a high chance of revictimization.
In cases of chronic violence, such as cases of long-term childhood physical or sexual abuse, the victims experience chronic trauma that affects their ability to function for many years or their entire lifetime. Abused women and girls are at higher risk of facing social challenges such as unemployment, homelessness, trouble at school or in their workplace.
Violence against women and girls takes many forms:
Risk Factors for gender-based violence
Violence against women can occur in all cultures, races, and societies.
Violence against women can occur in all cultures, races, and societies. In all societies, gender inequities are linked to increased violence against women.
Violence against women is a major obstacle to achieving equality, development of civil society, peace, and the fulfillment of human rights.
Marginalized women may be at increased risk of experiencing gender-based violence. They face multiple barriers due to additional factors that exert structural violence against them: discrimination, not being believed, difficulty accessing support, and finding safety.
Some of the risk factors for refugee, immigrant, asylum-seeker, and other marginalized women include:
If you are experiencing intimate partner violence or abuse, reach out to a trusted person, a friend, or a medical professional. You can also find services across Canada online or by phone
Francophone helpline for women 1 877 Fem-aide
Assaulted Women’s Helpline 1-866-863-0511 – TTY 1-866-863-7868
A collection of digital stories was created by women who have a precarious immigration status in Canada and their advocates. The stories document the personal struggles faced by immigrant women who do not have citizenship or permanent residence. Each story illustrates how immigration policies impact women’s efforts to support themselves and their families while striving to build their lives in Canada.
Reports on the mechanisms through which Canadian Immigration Policies can increase the risk of violence and abuse for women:
EPA guidance on cultural competence training. Schouler-Ocak, M., Graef-Calliess, I. T., Tarricone, I., Qureshi, A., Kastrup, M. C., & Bhugra, D. (2015). European Psychiatry, 30(3), 431-440. doi:10.1016/j.eurpsy.2015.01.012
What is Cultural Competency?
Why is Cultural Competency needed?
How does Cultural Competence play out in clinical management?
These are some of the culturally adapted interventions suggested:
What are the benefits of Cultural Competency?
What are some suggested methods of developing Cultural Competency?
“Competent treatment of minority patients requires that mental health professionals are open to understanding the similarities and differences between more traditional and modern Western approaches. It is important to understand and emphasize that Cultural Competence is not a static phenomenon but a developmental process, which represents a continuum. It must be remembered that Cultural Competency should be tempered with what has been termed ‘‘cultural humility. Attaining a level of cultural proficiency indicates a level of Cultural Competence but this is not absolute and will need ongoing development.” And “individual learning is not enough to guarantee a sensitive approach to diversity at the organizational level”, “institutional Cultural Competence requires not only the recognition of the barriers that exist to quality care at a systemic, organizational, and institutional level but also the elimination of these”.
The E-Library of the the Canadian Women’s Health Network is a comprehensive bilingual collection of women’s health publications and resources including resources on multicultural health and mental health. The health database gives access to over 11,000 documents, reviews, projects and organizations covering a wide range of information on women’s health and women’s lives.
You can access the library at:
Farsi language podcast
September 10 is World Suicide Prevention Day. Dr. Neda Faregh, psychologist and MMHRC project coordinator, talks about suicide amongst immigrants – what are the stressors and how to help someone who is feeling suicidal.
September 10 is World Suicide Prevention Day. We speak to Dr. Neda Faregh, psychologist and MMHRC project coordinator about suicide in the immigrant population in Canada. After the interview, Neda also kindly agreed to give another talk about suicide in Farsi, this podcast will be live soon.