Screening tools for common mental disorders have been translated into multiple languages. Screening for common mental disorders may be useful only when there is an integrated treatment system that can respond to potential needs with careful clinical assessment and appropriate stepped care.
Screening Scales Available in Multiple Languages
The PHQ-9 is the nine item depression scale of the Patient Health Questionnaire. The PHQ-9 is a useful tool in screening for depression in primary care.
[Kroenke, K. (2012). Enhancing the clinical utility of depression screening. Canadian Medical Association Journal, 184(3), 281-282.]
The Kessler (K10) measure is a 10-item self-report questionnaire intended to yield a global measure of ‘psychological distress’ based on questions about the level of anxiety and depressive symptoms in the patient’s most recent 4-week period. This tool is available in 29 languages from the website. There is no cost associated with using this tool. This is an open-access document.
[Kessler, R.C., Andrews, G., Colpe, et al (2002) Short screening scales to monitor population prevalences and trends in non-specific psychological distress. Psychological Medicine, 32, 959-956.]
This assessment tool was designed to assist general practitioners in the diagnosis of minor psychiatric disorders. It has two features which make it suitable for use cross-culturally. First, it covers a wide range of psychosomatic symptoms, which are a common expression of psychological distress in many cultural groups. Second, all questions are in simple everyday language and require “yes”/”no” answers. It yields diagnoses consistent with the DSM- IV psychiatric classification system. The questionnaire consists of two parts, a self-report patient questionnaire, and a series of interview models for mood disorder, anxiety disorder, psychosomatic disorder, alcohol abuse and eating disorder. This tool is available in four languages (English, Greek, Italian, and Vietnamese) from the website. There is no cost associated with using this tool. This is an open-access document.
[Spitzer RL, Williams JB, Kroenke K, Linzer M, deGruy FV 3d, Hahn SR, et al. (1994) . Utility of a new procedure for diagnosing mental disorders in primary care. The PRIME-MD 1000 study. JAMA, 272:1749-56.]
Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale in Multiple Languages
The 10-question Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS) was designed to identify mothers who may be experiencing perinatal depression.